Gospel of Luke (Luke 1: 26-38)
The evangelist Luke is particularly focused on the narration of the events concerning the Holy Family, dedicating the first two chapters of his Gospel to them. The annunciation of the birth of Jesus, the Saviour, is brought by the angel Gabriel to Mary, a young Israelite woman from a small village in Galilee.
The first word of the angel’s greeting to Mary is "Chaîre" in Greek which can be translated as "Rejoice" or "Hail". It expresses the joy of the moment since God, through Mary, "daughter of Zion" of the prophecy of Zephaniah (Zephaniah 3:14), fulfils his promise of salvation, long awaited by the chosen people. As indicated by Benedict XVI, «this exclamation from the angel – we could say – marks the true beginning of the New Testament, the Christian message of Good News» (Benedict XVI, "The Infancy Narratives", 2011, pp. 36-37).
Mary becomes the "servant of the Lord" and becomes his "house", offering herself to God for the purpose of the Salvation. «The words, "behold, I am the handmaiden of the Lord", express the fact that from the outset she accepted and understood her own motherhood as a total gift of self, a gift of her person to the service of the saving plans of the Most High.»
(John Paul II, "Redemptoris Mater", no. 39)
As a result, Mary becomes a model for the church and all the believers.
In the sixth month of Elizabeth’s pregnancy, God sent the angel Gabriel to Nazareth, a town in Galilee, to a virgin pledged to be married to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David. The virgin’s name was Mary. The angel went to her and said, "Greetings, you who are highly favored! The Lord is with you."
Mary was greatly troubled at his words and wondered what kind of greeting this might be. 30But the angel said to her, "Do not be afraid, Mary; you have found favor with God. You will conceive and give birth to a son, and you are to call him Jesus. He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David, and he will reign over Jacob’s descendants forever; his kingdom will never end."
"How will this be," Mary asked the angel, "since I am a virgin?"
The angel answered, "The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be calledb the Son of God. Even Elizabeth your relative is going to have a child in her old age, and she who was said to be unable to conceive is in her sixth month. For no word from God will ever fail."
"I am the Lord’s servant," Mary answered. "May your word to me be fulfilled." Then the angel left her.
Return of the Holy Family to Galilee
Jesus’ sermon in the synagogue